Prostitution has existed in Israel since Biblical times, and has been practiced by both women and men.
Various groups have advocated legalizing prostitution, or criminalizing the buyers.
Conservative religious political parties have consistently opposed legalization on grounds of immorality.
However, indoor prostitution has continued to thrive.
It was not perceived as a major problem till the 1970s, (Cnaan 1982), and prostitution policy has been described as "benign neglect".
The Justice Ministry may pursue alternatives to fines, such as "john schools".