Thomas de la Warre, lord of the manor, founded and constructed a collegiate church for the parish in 1421.The church is now Manchester Cathedral; the domestic premises of the college house Chetham's School of Music and Chetham's Library.On the canal's banks, just outside the borough, the world's first industrial estate was created at Trafford Park.
The first to be included, Wythenshawe, was added to the city in 1931.
Throughout the Middle Ages Manchester remained a manorial township, but began to expand "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century.
Charles Worsley, who sat for the city for only a year, was later appointed Major General for Lancashire, Cheshire and Staffordshire during the Rule of the Major Generals.
He was a diligent puritan, turning out ale houses and banning the celebration of Christmas; he died in 1656.
Manchester's unplanned urbanisation was brought on by a boom in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution, Manchester achieved city status in 1853.