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Of respondents aged 15 years and over three per cent of males and two per cent of females reported being a victim of physical assault in the previous 12 months.

The figures for sexual assault (of respondents aged 18 years and over) were 0.1 and 0.4 per cent respectively.

Objections have been raised to both ‘domestic violence’ and ‘family violence’ (the terms most often used), as well as use of terms such as ‘victims’ of domestic violence.[3] This background note generally uses use the term ‘domestic violence’ and refers to ‘victims’ of domestic violence as these are the most-commonly used and best understood of the alternatives.

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Further research is necessary, however, to determine whether these factors are primarily causes or consequences of violence against women.

Researchers fitted a logistic regression model to IVAWS data and found that the strongest risk factors for current intimate partner physical violence were associated with the partners’ behaviour—drinking habits, levels of aggression and controlling behaviours.[21] Alcohol is a significant risk factor for domestic violence, particularly in Indigenous communities.

A longitudinal analysis of alcohol outlet density found a relationship between alcohol availability and domestic violence.

Packaged liquor outlets that sell alcohol for off-premise consumption were particularly implicated.[22] The ABS found that 49 per cent of women who had experienced an assault in the preceding 12 months where the perpetrator was male, stated that alcohol or drugs had contributed to the most recent incident.[23] The NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research found that 41 per cent of all incidents of domestic assault reported to the police between 20 were alcohol related.

A total of 6 677 women aged between 18 and 69 years participated in the survey and provided information on their experiences of physical and sexual violence.[14] More recent statistics are limited; for example, the ABS regularly releases Recorded crime—victims data, derived from administrative systems maintained by state and territory police.